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In-Box Review
Apulian Leader, IV Century B.C.

by: Engin Kayral [ GRAYWOLF ]

Originally published on:
Historicus Forma

Disclaimer: The images above were supplied by the manufacturer and painted by their artists.


In ancient times, Apulia or as Italians call it, Puglia was the northern part of the Italian boot heel as the southern peninsula of the heel was Calabria. But today , the whole heel is called as Apulia as the toe of the boot is called as Calabria. It has always been an ideal region for human settlement and an area of trade and cultural exchange because of its geographic position, its slightly sloping terrain and particularly pleasant climate.

Coveted by East and by West, easily accessible by sea or by land, it was inhabited in the historical period by the Illyrian populations of the Japigi, the Dauni, the Peucetii and the Messapi, was the site of numerous Greek colonies, was a Roman territory, an ally of Hannibal against Rome, was included by Augustus in the ‘Apulia and Calabria’ region.

It suffered barbarian invasions, passed under the domination of Byzantium, obtained a certain independence with the advent of the Longobards and the following Frankish domination.
Exposed to Saracen raids, it rebelled against Byzanthium in the XI century with the interested help of the Norman, who made it a principality.

Many similarities to Greek Hoplites can be found on this figure due to highly affected in Greek culture during the period. The figure RM 54-64 represents an Apulian Leader in IV. Century B.C.The original cuirass, shin guards and helmet sculpted on this figure are displayed in Bari Archeological Musuem located in Palace of University in Bari,the capitol of region.


The figure comes in 125 x 85 x 30 mm.standard Romeo Models light blue cardboard box. The front cover shows a photo of the painted figure from 3 different angles – front, back and head close- up.

Inside the box, there is an A4 paper sheet including historical info about Apuli and painting instructions for this figure. This document is represented in 2 languages; Italian and English. Historical text is prepared by Stefano Castracane and text is translated by Riccardo Carrabino.

Parts are well protected between two slabs of thick white polyfoam and figure base is placed under the polyfoam not to damage the figure parts.

The figure is sculpted by Italian master sculptor Maurizio Bruno and made up of 11 white metal parts. All parts are cast clean and crisp in very good details. There are some slightly visible vertical seamlines that can be easily cleaned with a X-acto knife or fine sandpaper. No more need for a serious clean up, filling or sanding.

The main parts is upper torso with legs. He wears a Greek style bronze Muscle Cuirass made of two pieces of metal armor shaped in anatomical form to cover the wearer’s breast and back. The two parts of armor are attached with straps on both sides. Under his cuirass, he wears a short loosy tunic called Chiton. The breast and abdominal muscles on cuirass, folds on skirts of chiton and right shoulder-crosswise sword belt are well defined. He has knee-length shin guards covering his calves and front-open leather sandals.

Other parts are ;

  • Head : Facial details, moustache and beard are well defined. He wears a conical helmet with an apex curved forward as in Phrygian style helmets. Cheek guards on both sides and embossed designs on front are cast together on the helmet and well detailed. There are a few holes on sides and top to make the assembly of wings and apex crest easier.

  • Right hand : It is molded with a Sceptre, a wood or metal rod usually used as a heraldic baton by military leaders in this period to show authority. The details on the sceptre as dragon-like heads and ionic column are very well defined.

  • Left hand : It is posed to hold the shield.

  • Shield : He carries a deeply dished bronze shield with an angled rim called Hoplon. Interior details of shield as Antilabe, handgrip cord near the edges and Porpax, metal arm band at center are well defined. Porpax is given as a seperate part and holes on the interior of shield makes the assembly easier. There is a pin on the edge to attach the shield on the ground.

  • Sword : He carries a Kopis, a single-edged slashing sword in an average length of about 3 feet with a heavy forward-curving blade. The scabbard is wooden with bronze metal parts.

  • Helmet details :As the most charming part of the figure is helmet, the helmet detail parts are provided as seperate parts. I recommended you to be careful when you remove them from the metal sprue because they are thin and flexible parts. Apex crest is very well cast in good details and 2 pins makes it easy for the correct fit. Side wings with feathers are also well detailed and should be bent carefully for the correct pose before painting.

  • Figure base : Ground texture and different sizes of small rocks are well defined. There is a small slightly visible hole on the big rock to drill it for the pin on shield.


    A very nice sculpted figure inspired in the original pieces in Archeological Museum in Bari. Good posing figure, colorful painting options in Romeo Models quality ; clean casting, easy assembly and perfect fit with pins on parts.

    Highly Recommended

    Another latest (November) release of Romeo Models. RM 54-64 Apulian Leader offers figure painters a unique subject that features a nice posing, colorful figure with a realistic base.
    Percentage Rating
      Scale: 54mm
      Mfg. ID: RM 54 -64
      Suggested Retail: 23,50 €
      Related Link: 
      PUBLISHED: Dec 01, 2006
      NATIONALITY: Italy
      THIS REVIEWER: 92.20%
      MAKER/PUBLISHER: 92.18%

    Our Thanks to Romeo Models!
    This item was provided by them for the purpose of having it reviewed on this KitMaker Network site. If you would like your kit, book, or product reviewed, please contact us.

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    About Engin Kayral (Graywolf)

    Born in 1962,married and having 2 sons. I started modelling about 8 years old building USS Fletcher with mom. It was a model dad brought from USA., I think in those days only a few people in Turkey had info on scale model kits. Grown as an AF officer son , I built many aircraft models in years. Som...

    Copyright ©2021 text by Engin Kayral [ GRAYWOLF ]. Images also by copyright holder unless otherwise noted. Opinions expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of ModelGeek. All rights reserved.


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