Disclaimer: The images above were supplied by the manufacturer and painted by their artists.
In 480 B.C, Persians under the command of Xerxes
invaded Greece. Their army was so strong with a number of 2,600,000 of Persian infantry, Cavalry, Fleet crew, Arabs and Libyans and Greek allies. An alliance of Greek city states, 5200 warriors led by Spartan King Leonidas
fought the invading Persian army to cut their advance in Thermopylae
, a narrow strip of land between the sea and impassable mountains. Though the Persian army was very strong in number and weapons, they were forced to retreat due to the fact that the passage was so narrow that they could not fully deploy their force. An avaricious local farmer, Ephialtes
betrayed the Greeks, led a force of Persian infantry through a mountain passage and next morning they appeared behind the Greek lines. Leonidas ordered the rest of the army withdraw, and held the passage with 300 Spartans. He chose death over retreat; all 300 Spartans, including Leonidas, died, but held the Persians long enough to ensure the safe withdrawal of the rest of the Greek army. The Greeks lost the battle but Thermopylae was always hailed as a triumph for Greek arms because the Persian army was crucially delayed. Thermopylae allowed the Greeks time to organize. The Athenians continued to build their ships in order to take control of the seas again.
The performance of the defenders at the “ Battle of Thermopylae
” is often used as an example of the advantages of training, equipment and good use of terrain to maximise an army's potential, as well as a symbol of courage against overwhelming odds. The heroic sacrifice of the Leonidas’s forces has captured the minds of many throughout the ages and has given birth to many cultural references as a result.
As checking battle orders in historical references; I noticed that Spartans, Mantineans, Tegeans, Arcadians, Corinthians, Phlians, Mycaneans and Thespians sent warriors in different numbers from 80 to 1000 to fight together with Leonidas. But Lokrians
sent “all they had
” to Battle of Thermopylae.
This figure is sculpted by the inspiration of an original illustration of Christos Giannipoulos
- historical artist, released in 2005 for Periscopio Publications
. It represents a Lokros Hoplite
who fought alongside the Spartans under the command of Leonidas in Battle of Thermopylae.
The figure comes in 125 x 85 x 30 mm.standard Romeo Models light blue cardboard box. The front cover shows a photo of the painted figure from 2 different angles – front and back.
Inside the box, there is an A4 paper sheet including historical info about Battle of Thermopylae, clothing and weapons of Lokros Hoplites and painting instructions for this figure. This document is represented in 2 languages; Italian and English. English text is prepared by Historicus Forma
Associate Editor Costas Rodopoulos
and text is translated to Italian by Riccardo Carrabino
Parts are well protected between two slabs of thick white polyfoam and figure base is placed under the polyfoam not to damage the figure parts.
The figure is sculpted by Italian master sculptor Maurizio Bruno
and made up of 9 white metal parts. All parts are cast clean and crisp in very good details. There was only one vertical visible seamline on the left leg of my sample and a few touches of sandpaper cleaned it well. No more need for a serious clean up, filling or sanding.
The main part is torso
with legs. He wears a Linothorax
, a flexible complex cuirass made of layers of linen glued together and covered with overlapping metal pieces for extra protection. Under his linothorax, he has a short loosy tunic called Chiton
. The long hair covering the linothorax, folds of chiton, armor details and straps of linothorax are well defined. He wears knee-length shin guards/leg protectors on his bare feet. There is a cloth bandaging at the lower end of leg protectors to protect ankles from injury of metal.
Other parts are ;
Head : He wears a Corinthian type helmet. The Corinthian helmet is the most famous Greek helmet as most well-known bronze smiths were from Corinthia. It is a single sheet of metal which covers almost the whole head from the collar-bone upwards. The cheek-pieces, instead of hanging, merely sweep forwards continuing the lower rim of the helmet, and leave only a small, roughly T-shaped aperture for the eyes, nose and mouth. All round the rim are a series of perforations for the attachment of an inner lining. Eyes, mouth and moustache details are well sculpted. There are 2 holes on the helmet to attach the crest holders.
Crest holders : (2 parts) Impressive parts. Crests and holders are sculpted in very nice details.Ancient Greek pottery decorations show helmets with 2 even 3 long crests are used to make the warrior seem taller and more aggresive on the battlefield. Note that the 2 parts are not the same and they should be placed as right and left crests referring to the boxart positioning.
Right hand : Posed to raise his Kopis, a single-edged slashing sword in an average length of about 3 feet with a heavy forward-curving blade. Shoulder folds of chiton are well defined. The hole and pin on the shoulder part fit the arm pit well and makes suitable posing easier.
Left hand : Posed to carry his Hoplon shield. Porpax, metal arm band and Antilabe, handgrip cord are molded on the arm. Shoulder folds and handgrip cord are well represented. Two mounds on the arm make the shield assembly easier and correct fit.
Shield : He carries a Hoplon, deeply dished, large bronze shield with an angled rim. Interior details like handgrip cords and details on the rim are well defined. The decorative motives on the boxart shield’s outer surface are a continuous spiral (symbol of fire), the right oriented swastika (symbol of the unconquered), and the four radial spoke wheel (symbol of the chariot of the God of War).
In some references; Hoplite shields are named as Aspis and the word Hoplon is used for the Hoplite’s tools of war in a wider sense like shield, spear, sword and helmet.
Scabbard : Wooden scabbard with metal parts and rings to hang it. Metal rings are well cast. Note that the shoulder crosswise leather strap for the scabbard is not molded on the figure and must be scratched.
Figure base : Ground texture is well defined.
A good friend, Luis D’Orio of Lugdunum Figurines Club -Lyon-France painted this figure different than the boxart and photos can be found in this link.
Another good posing Hoplite figure with nice details and colorful painting options in Romeo Models quality ; clean casting, easy assembly and perfect fit with pins on parts.