Most powerful foes Timur faced were Ottomans and Mamluks, but in Eastern Anatolia and Azerbayjan, Turcoman tribal warriors put up the most persistent resistance to Timurs invasions. Qara and Aq Qoyunlu (Black and White sheep) Turcomans emerged out of the collapse of Mongol authority in these areas and, after Timur's death, developed into major regional powers. The Qara Qoyunlu were overthrown by their Aq Qoyunlu rivals before they could achieve much, but the Aq Qoyunlu went on to carve out a state that stretched almost from the Mediterranean to the Arabian Gulf. They dominated the rich Mesopotamian trade routes, maintained political relations with Muslim states in India and cultivated an alliance with Venice.
Turcoman army was a powerful one with a dominancy of cavalry.These tribal warriors were largely accustomed to fighting on horseback and their strength lay in their mobility as mounted archers. Their weapons and armour were designed for hit-and-run tactics and were not very suitable for static siege warfare.
depicts a Turcoman elite cavalry equipped in a close manner to Ottomans.
The figure comes in 125 x 85 x 35 mm.standard medium size Romeo Models light blue cardboard box. The front cover shows the figure painted by Andrea Terzolo
which can serve as a basic painting guide.
Parts are well protected between two slabs of thick white polyfoam and figure base is placed under the polyfoam not to damage the figure parts. A quality certificate is given inside the box for any problem on the parts.
The figure is sculpted by Gianni La Rocca
, inspired by a Osprey drawing
and cast in white metal as 9 parts. The body of the figure comes in 2 parts as upper and lower body.
Upper body : Elite cavalry of both White and Black sheep Turcoman states appear to have been equipped in a close manner to Ottomans and Mamluks. Facial details, beard and moustache are well defined. He wears a tall, pointed, conical in form helmet, swelling gently from the base and curves as it tapers to its apex. It is called Turban helmet because of its large bulbous shape and the flutings that imitate the folds of a turban. A turban is wrapped over the helmet. Tassel at the top indicates ranking. Helmet has a mail coif part covering the ears, cheeks and neck. Cloth folds of the tunic, front buttons, leather strap of the shield carried on back and mail coif are well represented.
Lower body : Under his tunic, he has Djawshan armor widely used by Turcoman, Ottoman and Mamluk cavalry, a coat of chainmail also covering knees and reinforced with iron splits on breast and thighs. He wears under-knee metal plate leggings and pointed leather shoes.
Other parts are;
Right arm : Posed to put his hand on his waist,it shows nice cloth folds. He has a vambrace (armguard) called bazuband covering the forearm with an elbow extension. Straps and buckles of the armguard are well defined.
Left arm : Posed to put his hand to the buckle of his belt in front, it shows nice details on armguard and clothing.
Sword : He carries a one-handed, single edged and moderately curved saber with short handguards used by the Turks and eastern cultures named Kilij. These blades evolved from Turko-Mongol sabers that had been used over all the lands invaded and/or influenced by the Turkic peoples. The sword is carried on the left side attached to the belt with straps and scabbard has radial decorations on the body and nose.
Bow and case : He carries a recurved composite Bow in its case on the left next to his sword. These Mongolian origined short bows used Turcomans and Ottomans were easy to use on horseback. It is carried in a bowcase called Kirban which is usually made of wood and covered with leather or cloth. Bow, decorated reinforced parts on the edges of bowcase and especially the string are very well defined.
Arrow case/Quiver : Arrows are carried on the right side inside a leather or cloth quiver named Terkesh, reinforced with wood lining. It shows nice decorations on the edges and arrows with feathers are well defined.
Shield : He carries a small round shaped Shield on his back. attached on his left forearm. These shields have low and wide bosses on the middle and four studs around the boss. Anatolian cultures mostly use highly decorated shields as ceremonial shields. Metal reinforcement circle on the outer side, studs, support pad inside and battle damage on the shield are well defined.
Spear head with pennant : A spear is given as a seperate part to display next to the figure. Spear is given as a copper tube and spear head makes a very good fit to the tube. . Pennant color can be changed as it differs due to the attached unit.
Figure base : A small round base with ground texture and a few rocks is given inside the box.
The following book can be useful when painting this figure.
Osprey Publishing Men at Arms Series -222- The Age of Tamerlane by David Nicolle & Angus McBride
A very nice figure sculpted perfect and cast in high quality. Another unique figure from Romeo Models for the fans of the Oriental figures.